Main References


The following are the main references made in the present work. There are, in fact, some more references scattered throughout the present volume, in footnotes. The selection of some under the heading of ‘main references’ is somewhat subjective. References made through Internet links, even if important are usually excluded here – as are references to works quoted rather incidentally or second-hand. Note that this listing is not intended as a bibliography, at least not as an exhaustive one.


Abraham, Michael. “The ‘KalVachomer’ as a Syllogism – Arithmetic Model” (in Hebrew). In:Higayon: Studies in Rabbinic Logic(vol. 2, pp. 29-46). Ed. Moshe Koppel and Ely Merzbach. Jerusalem: Aluma, 1992. Pp. 29-46.


Abraham, M., D.Gabbay& U.Schild.

Analysis of the Talmudic Argumentum A Fortiori Inference Rule (Kal-Vachomer) using Matrix Abduction. Studia Logica 92(3): 281-364 (2009).

מידות הדרש ההגיוניות כאבני הבסיס להיסקים לא דדוקטיביים” (Hebrew paper onKal-Vachomer). InBDD Journal.Ramat Gan:BarIlanUniversity, 2009.


Aristotle. The Works of Aristotle. Ed. William David Ross. Chicago:EncyclopædiaBritannica, 1952.


Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Topica. Trans. H. M. Hubble. Cambridge, Mass. Harvard UP, 1949.


Dhammapada, The. Juan Mascaro, trans. Harmondsworth, Mx.: Penguin, 1973.


EncyclopaediaTalmudit(vol. 7, in Hebrew). Jerusalem: YadHaRavHerzog Torah Institute, 1990.


Everyman’s Talmud. A. Cohen. London: Phoenix, 1949.


Luzzatto,R. Moshe Chaim. The Book of Logic(orig.SepherhaHigayon).Trans. Rabbis D.Sacktonand Ch.Tscholkowski. Jerusalem:Feldheim, 1995.


HyamMaccoby. The Philosophy of the Talmud. London: Routledge Curzon, 2002.


Plato. The Dialogues of Plato. Trans. Benjamin Jowett. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1892.


Sion, Avi.

·      Judaic Logic: A Formal Analysis of Biblical, Talmudic and Rabbinic Logic. Geneva:Slatkine,1997 (1st ed. 1995).

·      A Fortiori Logic:Innovations, History and Assessments. Geneva: CreateSpace, 2013.


Soncino Babylonian Talmud. Ed. Rabbi Dr. I. Epstein. London: Soncino, 1952.


Soncino Chumash: The Five Books of Moses with Haphtaroth. Ed. Cohen, Rev. Dr. A. 2nd ed. London: Soncino, 1983.


Windelband, Wilhelm. History of Ancient Philosophy. Trans. H. E. Cushman, from 2nd German ed. New York: Dover, 1956.