Logical and Spiritual REFLECTIONS
Hume’s Problems with Induction
This essay is intended to describe and refute some of the main doubts and objections David Hume raised with regard to inductive reasoning. It replaces the so-called problem of induction with a principle of induction. David Hume’s notorious skepticism was based on errors of observation and reasoning, with regard to induction, causation, necessity, the self and freewill. These are here pointed out and critically analyzed in detail – and more accurate and logical theories are proposed. The present work also includes refutations of Hempel’s and Goodman’s alleged paradoxes of induction.
1. Hume’s “problem of induction”
3. Causation, necessity and connection
4. The psychology of induction
8. Hempel’s paradox of confirmation
9. Goodman’s paradox of prediction
10. The induction of induction
11. Descartes’ mind-body dichotomy
12. Some further remarks on causal logic
See also, on Hume:Phenomenology, chapter II (section 5)andRuminations, part I, chapter 8 (sections 4-7).
See also mentions in :Future Logic, chapters 65 and 67.Phenomenology, ch. I, V, VI and VII.Judaic Logic, ch. 2.Buddhist Illogic, ch. 7.The Logic of Causation, ch. 3, 10, 16 and app. 1.Volition and Allied Causal Concepts, ch. 2.Ruminations, part I, ch. 9, and part II, ch. 1, 6, 7.Meditations, ch. 32.