This short work consists of three essays:
It was written end 1998 or early 1999, as preparatory notes for a series of lectures on philosophy delivered to a group of some twenty students at the Université populaire de Genève.
The first of these essays is significant, in that it constitutes a comparative study, of interest not only to Moslems, but equally to Jews.
The second is primarily intended serve Jews or Christians to view their own beliefs in perspective (it is often easier to admit reasoning when one is not personally attached to a doctrine). My intent is certainly not to express disrespect for Moslem beliefs, though I of course wish them too to be more open-minded.
The third is not an original essay based on deep personal study, but was gleaned from other writers. It tells of the apparent stunting of Islamic philosophy after its promising beginnings.
See also my comments on the modal logic ofAvicenna(Ibn Sina, 11th Cent. Persian philosopher), inFuture Logic, Chapter 65.2.
As well, see comments on the “Occasionalism” ofAl-Ghazali(1059-1111), inVolition and Allied Causal Concepts, Chapter 2.4.
See also, on the role of violence and threats of violence:Islamic ‘Logic’: A brief essay on the essence of Islamic discourse(2012)