Logical and Spiritual Reflectionsis now available in print (404p. A4) in hardcover ($40) and paperback ($25) editions (plus shipping expenses), and as an eBook ($5).
Hume’s Problems with Inductionis also separately available as a paperback (188p. A5, $10 plus shipping expenses), and as an eBook ($1.50).
To order online click on the following hyperlink:Books by Avi Sion in The Logician Bookstore

Logical and Spiritual REFLECTIONS

Book 1

Hume’s Problems with Induction

This essay is intended to describe and refute some of the main doubts and objections David Hume raised with regard to inductive reasoning. It replaces the so-called problem of induction with a principle of induction. David Hume’s notorious skepticism was based on errors of observation and reasoning, with regard to induction, causation, necessity, the self and freewill. These are here pointed out and critically analyzed in detail – and more accurate and logical theories are proposed. The present work also includes refutations of Hempel’s and Goodman’s alleged paradoxes of induction.


1. Hume’s “problem of induction”

2. The principle of induction

3. Causation, necessity and connection

4. The psychology of induction

5. The self or soul

6. Freewill

7. The is-ought dichotomy

8. Hempel’s paradox of confirmation

9. Goodman’s paradox of prediction

10. The induction of induction

11. Descartes’ mind-body dichotomy

12. Some further remarks on causal logic

Addenda toHume’s Problems

See also, on Hume:Phenomenology, chapter II (section 5)andRuminations, part I, chapter 8 (sections 4-7).

See also mentions in :Future Logic, chapters 65 and 67.Phenomenology, ch. I, V, VI and VII.Judaic Logic, ch. 2.Buddhist Illogic, ch. 7.The Logic of Causation, ch. 3, 10, 16 and app. 1.Volition and Allied Causal Concepts, ch. 2.Ruminations, part I, ch. 9, and part II, ch. 1, 6, 7.Meditations, ch. 32.