Some of the 13 hermeneutic rules of R. Ishmael can be represented graphically, at least in some respects.

Contents of thediagrams

Illustrations of Talmudic reasoning.

Diagram 1– on a- fortiori argument

Diagram 2– on scope of terms

Diagram 3 –on harmonization rules (8-9-10)

Diagram 4– general conclusions from common premises

Diagram 5– on rule 8a

Diagram 6– on rule 8b

Diagram 7– on rule 10

Diagram 8– on rule 9

Diagram 9– on rule 11

Diagram 10– on rule 13