Some of the 13 hermeneutic rules of R. Ishmael can be represented graphically, at least in some respects.

Contents of the diagrams

Illustrations of Talmudic reasoning.

Diagram 1 – on a- fortiori argument

Diagram 2 – on scope of terms

Diagram 3 – on harmonization rules (8-9-10)

Diagram 4 – general conclusions from common premises

Diagram 5 – on rule 8a

Diagram 6 – on rule 8b

Diagram 7 – on rule 10

Diagram 8 – on rule 9

Diagram 9 – on rule 11

Diagram 10 – on rule 13